first_imgIf you want to rub shoulders with the guests on episode seven of the Play Your Part TV series, and lend a hand to their initiatives, here’s information on how to do it.Alan Farber, who has been in the film industry for more than 20 years, helps budding filmmakers in Diepsloot to create and submit pitches to television channels. (Image supplied)Brand South Africa reporterYou can get involved in initiatives that advance skills development for youth and unemployed people by contacting the guests who appear on episode seven of the Play Your Part TV series.The guests featured in this episode are filmmaker Alan Farber, Tumi Ramasodi and her team of Boys and Girls Clubs, and Odette van der Haar, CEO of the Association for Communication and Advertising.The episode, which is hosted by musician Kabelo Mabalane, airs on Saturday, 21 October 2017, at 18:00. It is part of a 26-episode series.Here’s how you can get involved with the three guests and their initiatives:Alan FarberFarber, a filmmaker and scriptwriter, found a way to attract Diepsloot residents and have them develop skills for the film industry.Contact detailsTwitter: @AlfieStraight2Email: alan@straight2dvd.tvOdette van der HaarOdette van der HaarKey advertising player Van der Haar highlights the positive impact the sector has made in terms of tertiary education and skills development.Contact detailsWebsite: www.acasa.co.zaTwitter: @odette_roper and @ACA_SABoys and Girls ClubsTumi RamasodiTumi and her team run the Boys and Girls Clubs, which serve as a safe haven for children from the ages of six to 18. The organisation is an after-schools facility that focuses on teaching youth things such as self-discipline and character-building.Contact detailsWebsite: www.bgcsa.orgEmail: info@bgcsa.orgTwitter: @BGCSA_PimvillePlay Your Part is broadcast at 18:00 on Saturdays on SABC 2.To get involved in playing your part in South Africa:Check out the conversation on Twitter: #GetInvolved; orFind out about initiatives on Play Your Part here.Tell us how you Play Your Part through our social media channels:Follow us on Twitter: @PlayYourPartSA;Follow Brand South Africa on Twitter: @Brand_SA;Like us on Facebook: Official Brand South Africa.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more


first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Last time I said we were about one inch of rain away from a perfect spring. Just a day or two later we got a couple of inches and the crop just looked phenomenal. But in the past week we had almost 5 inches and we got 3 inches in less than 2 hours so we had some flooding. Some of the shorter beans are showing a little yellowing, but the water got away pretty quickly because we had been so dry.I don’t know that I’ve ever seen corn look as good as it does right now. I think we’ll have corn tasseling by July 4 and I think a lot of other people will too.We always use fungicide on wheat. We used to use it on beans but I didn’t see much yield advantage and we ran into problems with green stem. We like to get beans off early and do things like plant cover crops or wheat so we have gotten away from using a fungicide on beans. I have heard guys talking about good results flying it on corn but we haven’t done that.If we get any sunshine we are going to start with wheat harvest this afternoon. Because we were dry and we do a lot of no-till it is not that hateful for getting 5 inches of rain inches in the last week. I walked the fields this morning and it is still a little too wet, but they are calling for more rain on Tuesday and Wednesday. It is one of those situations where you have to decide which way to go. Do you leave it out there and risk getting it wet again? If it was corn or beans I’d leave it out there. Wheat deteriorates so quickly on quality, though, we are going to try it this afternoon.For planting double-crops we may have to wait until it dries out a little. But it is supposed to get hotter and unless we get a bunch of rain I think we can get some straw baled and get some double-crops in right away.Some of the heads are a little smaller than I like and I saw a little head scab. I think this will be a decent wheat crop but not a great crop. I don’t know what this rain is going to do to the wheat In terms of quality.We had a terrible week for the markets. With the tariffs and the crop looking really good all across the country the prices took a beating. We may have to sit and wait for fall or winter for these markets to come back a little bit. I am tired of hearing about the tariffs. They just hurt us short term and make the futures go goofy.last_img read more


first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Dusty Sonnenberg, Ohio Field LeaderIt is no secret that 2019 will go down in the history books as one of the most challenging years for production agriculture in much of the country. Flooding and frequent rain events delayed and, in many cases, prevented planting on millions of acres across the Corn Belt.“I’ve never seen anything like it, this is a year for the record books,” said Joe Nester, a certified crop advisor from Williams County who has worked in agriculture for over 42 years and as an independent consultant at Nester Ag for the past 28 years. “We went into the season already wet, and then had rain every other day. Even the crops that were planted are not going to yield near what farmers typically expect.”He estimates that of the acres they work on through Nester Ag, at least 65% were not planted. Statewide in Ohio there were 1,485,919 prevented planting acres in 2019, with the bulk of those in the northwestern part of the state, according to the USDA’s Farm Service Agency.“Typically, we see this happen in pockets, but never this widespread,” Nester said. “This was the first spring we had three separate weeks we couldn’t even find a place to soil sample because it was just too wet. I probably have more questions this year than I have answers.”Soil quality and soil health are extremely important to Nester’s brand of conservation-focused farming, and he stresses it with all his clients. Regular soil sampling is a foundation to the work he does. Nester works with farmers to develop a plan based on the results of their individual soil test results. This year was so challenging that he even sampled some fields twice.“We sampled the fields the first of May, and then had all the rain and flooding. We knew this was not good for the soil, but wondered if we could quantify any change, so we re-sampled the same locations the first of July,” he said. “In those 60 days we found that the calcium numbers declined 10% and the potash numbers dropped 11%. You have to know where your phosphorus and potassium levels are going forward — it’s a must.”Nester’s theory is that the fields were saturated for so long that itweakened the negative charge in the soil, and the calcium and potassium leached out of the top four inches of the soil, and into the subsoil. As they pulled the soil samples, they found that the hard clay had turned into chunks like a road bed. Nester thinks that when the calcium leached out, it left the topsoil with a higher magnesium-calcium ratio which enabled increased soil compaction.“Aggregate stability, and implementing practices that promote aggregate stability in clay-based soils is so important,” he said. “This year we lost ground.”Soil health has also been negatively impacted.“The saturated soils’ lack of oxygen killed-off a lot of the microbial life,” Nester said. “And with the heat we experienced in July on the bare soil, we literally baked the crust and microbes.”Nester took a temperature reading on one of those 100-degree days and found that the soil surface temperature was actually 130 degrees Fahrenheit. In the absence of a crop to canopy and shade the soil, the temperatures rose higher than normal, which was detrimental to the soil life. Without a cover crop’s root growth, improved soil microbial health and ability to hopefully pull some of the calcium and potassium back up into the topsoil this year, Nester thinks 2020 will be a “recovery crop year.”“Farmers need to try to establish a cover crop which will cover the soil to provide shade to keep it cooler, and also grow the roots to break-up the soil compaction,” he said. “This season the microbial population took a severe hit. Where your microbial life goes depends on where you started. Microbial life can come back relatively quickly if you have some to start with. Even planting treated soybeans can be used as a cover crop and will help.”Different seeding techniques may be needed based on the soil conditions.“Some farmers may need to use vertical tillage to fracture the soil ahead of attempting to plant a cover crop. Others may be able to broadcast the seed and then incorporate it with light tillage,” Nester said. “Others in tough situations may need to use a no-till drill. Timely planting of cover crops is a key in successful establishment. Farmers should have time this fall on the prevent plant acres. If crops did get planted late, though, the opportunity for cover crop may be slim.”Weeds also become more of a challenge without cover crops. The main concern at this point for farmers is to make sure the weeds do not go to seed. The use of 2,4-D is a good option he said, but farmers need to be aware of the replant restrictions if they intend to plant cover crops soon.“Weeds do not make a good cover crop. They do not promote good soil quality,” Nester said.Mark Loux, Ohio State University Extension State Weed Specialist, in a presentation made to the North Central Soybean Research Program, said the top priority for farmers now is preventing weed seed production.“Spraying, tillage, or chopping all are options for preventing seed production,” Loux said.Beyond this fall, prevented planting acres from 2019 will require careful consideration. Many variables in the fields have changed in the past few months. Soil tests need to be done or possibly re-done, and plans may need to be modified. Nester is also concerned regular soil testing will fall behind since there was very little opportunity to sample last fall and this spring due to the weather, and with the late planted crops, there my not be much opportunity in the coming fall after a late harvest.“If you had a cropping plan in place for 2019, you can’t just hit the pause button now and then resume next spring,” Nester said. “Soil test results may actually have changed more as a result of all the water than they would have from growing a crop this year.”With reliable soil test results serving as the basis, implementing variable rate technology with the use of management zones can save money, place the nutrients where they are most needed and can be used most efficiently with minimal risk of loss. Nester uses strip-tillage combined with variable rate technology as an example. Utilizing a prescription from the soil test results, the variable rate application will make sure that the correct amounts of nutrients are applied in the right zones, and the strip-tillage will put it in a place where it is less likely to leave the root zone and more likely to be used by the plants. This can be especially economically advantageous for phosphorus and potassium.“This year after all the rain, potassium levels may also be in the tank,” Nester said. “Studying those soil test results, and looking at any drop in the potassium level is also important. This also can be addressed with the variable rate application combined with strip-tillage.”Nester also recommends that farmers try to stick to their crop rotation as much as possible.“Most rotations have been altered based on what was fit, or wasn’t fit to plant and the date on the calendar this spring,” he said. “Try to get your rotations back in order.”When it comes to getting the soils back in shape, Nester suggests considering variety of practices.“As farmers attempt to help their soils recover, there is no silver bullet,” he said. “Practicing basic agronomic fundamentals is going to be the key.”This has definitely been a year for the record books. In 42 years, Nester has never seen a year like this one, and hopefully won’t see one challenge that record anytime soon.Ohio Field Leader is a project of the Ohio Soybean Council. For more, visit ohiofieldleader.com.There can be a number of challenges with soil biology and structure from long periods of excessive moisture.last_img read more


first_imgIn an area next to Ulm University, a short drive away from Stuttgart, Germany, is a 130 year old abandoned fort occupied by a few sheep, some goats and a donkey named Paul.Paul the DonkeyIt was here on June 19th that local geocachers hosted Das Ulmer FORT – the Mega Event in Germany for 2010 (GC20002).Six months ago the local geocaching community started preparations for the event. The fort had been neglected for 30 years, so an army of volunteers had to dig out the, err, deposits left by the local residents. The electricity had to be rewired, sharp protrusions had to be cut down and sanded, repairs had to be made, rooms had to be swept out, and trash had to be removed. This was necessary to make the location capable of holding over 300 campers who resided in the walls of the fort for the weekend.Elias, Bryan and I, the three founders of Geocaching.com, had the privilege of attending the event this year.The founders of Geocaching.com posing with geocaching attendees. Jeremy Irish (second from left), Bryan Roth (second from right) and Elias Alvord (far right)Bryan Roth and Elias Alvord with the Queen of Fort UlmIn the course of four hours we were able to mingle with the local geocachers, visit the various rooms and corridors in the Fort, meet the lovely Queen of Fort Ulm and celebrate a successful day with the organizers by eating a delicious Signal cake.Signal was not harmed and was, in fact, also in attendanceIt’s not often that we can visit geocachers in Europe, so we used this opportunity to listen to feedback about the web site. High on the list was having better ways to rate and search for geocaches by their ratings, which has been a common theme in the US. As geocaches increase in numbers it gets harder and harder to find the best ones.Although geocachers in the world have far more similarities than differences, there were also some notable observations in how Germans play the game.Signal waves to a fan1. Many German geocachers enjoy finding terrain level 5 caches, or what are locally called “T5” caches. Many of these caches are located in trees, requiring special climbing gear. The event even had FORTgeschrittene, a T5 event for finding these extreme geocaches. In addition to a ropes course, you could dive into a freezing pool to find a cache. Fortunately you could enter a portable sauna to warm up afterward. Sadly I didn’t pack a bathing suit.Bryan Roth (almost) diving into pool to retrieve a geocache.2. According to the “Flashlight Pope” at the event, there are quite a few caches that require a black light. This is so you can see writing that takes you to the next location. As a gift he gave each of us a black light to use on our next geocaching adventure.3. Multi-Caches are far more popular in Germany (and in Europe) than in the United States. Many more geocachers seem to be willing to spend days on one puzzle cache there. There may be a lot of multi-cache fans in the U.S. but the ratios of multis in Germany to U.S. caches are significantly higher.Aside from the event we were able to locate unique geocaches in Germany, such as a cache in the center of Berlin with over 3,000 finds (GCTA4W), and a cache in the spire of the world’s tallest church (GCJ7E0), located in the city of Ulm.If the locals plan on having a FORTsetzung (sequel) next year you don’t want to miss it. Thanks to everyone who planned one of the best geocaching events that we have ever attended. I hope to see you again next year!Share with your Friends:More SharePrint Related5 Lackeys. Approximately 7,000 geocachers. Moin moin!June 25, 2019In “Community”Geocaching.com Co-Founder Celebrates Ten Years of Geo-LoveNovember 18, 2011In “Community”North American Edition of Geocacher of the Month: Comment NowMay 19, 2014In “Community” Mega-Event Cache Das Ulmer Fort GC20002last_img read more


first_imgFormer Bihar Chief Minister and Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular) leader Jitan Ram Manjhi on Wednesday declared that he had quit the NDA and would join the RJD-led grand alliance. Mr. Manjhi hit out at the Nitish Kumar-led NDA government in Bihar as “anti-poor”.“I’m happy to announce that our party has decided to join RJD-led grand alliance as we’re not getting due respect in NDA”, Mr. Manjhi said. .He said three things compelled him to take this step. “First, about 99% of the people who were arrested under prohibition laws come from poor families; the poor people also suffered as the government put a ban on sand mining in the State and lastly, every day there is talk of a cut in reservation percentage for Scheduled Caste people.”Mr. Manjhi expressed displeasure over the appointment of new police chief of the State, K.S. Dwivedi. “I’m saying this in a guarded way that the government has appointed a police official as Bihar’s new DGP who was responsible for Bhagalpur riot,” he said.RJD leader Tejashwi Yadav said the grand alliance had been strengthened with the coming of Mr. Manjhi.last_img read more


first_imgLawyer Chris Murphy, right, represents Colten Boushie’s family. Boushie, a 22-year-old Cree man was fatally shot on a Saskatchewan farm. Also pictured (from left to right) are Boushie’s uncle, Alvin Baptiste, mother Debbie Baptiste and cousin Jade Tootoosis.The Canadian PressA lawyer helping the family of a young Cree man shot and killed by a Saskatchewan farmer left a different courthouse this week with an idea about how Canada’s jury system could be improved.Chris Murphy is part of a coroner’s inquest examining the death of an Indigenous man who died following a police chase in Saskatoon.Some provinces have fatality inquiries headed by provincial court judges. But others – including Saskatchewan, Ontario and British Columbia – have coroner inquests with juries.And in Saskatchewan, if a deceased is Indigenous, a coroner’s jury is often part Aboriginal too.“I felt that we had been engaged in a very fair process,” Murphy said.“They had literally two separate piles from which names were randomly drawn and we alternated between Indigenous and non-Indigenous jurors.”In January, Murphy watched as a jury with no visibly Indigenous members was selected for the murder trial of white farmer Gerald Stanley in the death of 22-year-old Colten Boushie.Of 45 potential jurors selected at random, five appeared to be Indigenous, Murphy said. They were rejected by Stanley’s lawyer through peremptory challenges, which can be made without having to give a reason.“I walked away … firmly believing that the justice system has got to change,” Murphy said. “Allowing that process to happen is, in my view, state-sanctioned discrimination.”The jury found Stanley not guilty. Accusations of racism followed, as well as calls to end peremptory challenges and for more Indigenous representation on juries.Jordan Lafond, 21, was in a stolen truck being chased by Saskatoon police when it crashed. Media have reported that officers found Lafond under the truck, but he resisted arrest and an officer used a knee to subdue him. He later died in hospital.Murphy is representing Lafond’s family at the inquest. He said lawyers agreed that at least three of the jury’s six members should be Indigenous. They were able to ask potential jurors about whether they would be comfortable on a jury, could come up with recommendations and had any possible bias.The selected jurors were told to return to court when the inquest resumes in June.Potential jurors are similarly questioned for inquests in other provinces, but qualifying them by race may be unique to Saskatchewan.The province amended legislation in 1999 to allow its chief coroner to request a jury be “composed, wholly or in part, of people from a specific racial or cultural group.”The Justice Ministry said in an email that the provision is commonly used and puts juries in a better position to understand the deceased’s circumstances.Murphy said there’s no constitutional reason why the same approach couldn’t be used in criminal courts where an accused is supposed to be judged by peers. Indigenous people have high incarceration rates yet low representation on juries.Nicholas Stooshinoff, president of the Saskatchewan Trial Lawyers Association, said he believes Canada’s justice system is the finest in the world and doesn’t need an overhaul because of “knee-jerk” reactions to the Stanley verdict.He said he recently met with Indigenous clients who live in the same area as Stanley and they agree with the acquittal.“I have not seen any evidence or any indication that an all-First-Nations jury would not have come to the same conclusion,” Stooshinoff said. “There is an assumption among some individuals, politicians included, that this man was acquitted because of racism on the part of the jury.“I find that very disturbing. And it really does not do anything to enhance the quality of our judicial system.”last_img read more


first_imgCrain Communications has seen three of its veteran executives leave in recent months, including David Blake (a 24-year-vet who most recently served as publisher of Crain’s Chicago Business and who retired in September), Bob Simmons (a 30-year vet who oversaw the Akron-based group including Plastics News, Rubber & Plastics News, Tire Business and Waste & Recycling News–which he founded–who retired earlier this month) and Marty Ross (who had been with Business Insurance since 1985, most recently as vp/publisher), who moved to the new position of vp/managing director of events and business development before leaving. However, some sources are saying Crain is asking some long-time executives to retire or transition to new roles and has changed the compensation plan to make transitions easier internally. “Bob Simmons ran Akron as an empire for 30 years and was forced to retire a couple weeks ago,” says one source. “Word is that if you were over 50, you had trouble. Where you used to get a week’s pay for every year, now they get three weeks, period.” (“That couldn’t be more wrong,” says a company spokesperson.) “They don’t handle executive transitions well,” says another source. “It’s either too soft a touch or right out the door.”Chairman Keith Crain denies any of the three executives were asked to leave. “All three were totally different circumstances, all three were in different cities,” he told FOLIO:. “Those things happen when you have 1,000 people working for you. It was a coincidence that they all retired around the same time. All had enough tenure, all had enough relationships, all left on good terms. Sadly, it happens. In full disclosure–Marty got his new role and didn’t like it and left.” Ross declined to comment. Crain says that his sons, including K.C. Crain–who was named vice president/group publisher of the Akron group last fall and Chris Crain–vice president and group publisher of Pension’s & Investments, Business Insurance, Workforce Management and Staffing Industry Analysts–are overseeing more of the company as well as planning for future transitions. “As a guy who is a senior executive, I see a lot of people who reach retirement age and say, ‘What do you mean? I’m not going to retire!’” says Crain. “I look around at people who’ve been around for 20, 25 years and think, are they going to stay forever? My sons, who are very much involved in the company, are looking at the transition issue. That’s one I’m not going to have to worry about.”Earlier this month Crain announced that it will move its Chicago office from what’s been its location for the past decade–360 N. Michigan Avenue–to three floors at 150 N. Michigan Avenue in 2012.last_img read more


first_img “When they talk about their electric cars, many carmakers promote the same rational and empirical data-driven messages as they do with their internal combustion engined cars, such as range, economy and performance criteria,” Guillaume explains. “Kia prides itself on its power to surprise, which is why we wanted to move away from the rational and focus on the emotional, and embrace a warmer and more human approach to electrification.”OK, so let’s talk about what we do know: Kia’s concept is a large, C-segment car with a high-riding stance, “intentionally designed to not sit within the industry’s predefined vehicle categories,” according to the automaker’s statement. The front fascia has an illuminated grille surround, and the main headlights are housed in individual blocks of glass. Underneath the car is a “low-mounted, induction-charged battery pack that powers a compact drivetrain.” (This vague powertrain data is as technical as Kia gets.) Geneva Motor Show 2019 If you’re looking for hard data about Kia’s electric Geneva Motor Show concept, you’re out of luck. Dubbed “Imagine by Kia,” this big four-door doesn’t focus on things like power or range or advanced driving tech. Instead, it’s all about emotion.”Today’s drivers understandably have many questions about electric cars. They’re concerned about range, the recharging network and whether electric cars will still be dynamic and engaging to drive,” said Gregory Guillaume, Kia’s vice president of design, in a statement. “So, when we first started thinking about this concept and imagining what its role would be, we knew that the best way to answer those questions and address those concerns was by approaching electrification purely from an emotional point of view.”Answering questions by — *checks notes* — not answering them? Go on… Concept Cars Electric Cars 0 1:45 Kia See All Now playing: Watch this: reading • Kia Imagines an electric car with coach doors, silk seats and 21 screens Tags Geneva Motor Show 2019 Kia Mar 7 • New Peugeot 208 debuts i-Cockpit with 3D HUD Combo dashboard Apr 17 • The 2020 Jaguar XE gets its first major visual refresh 16 Photos Share your voice Mar 8 • VW is still ‘100 percent’ investigating a pickup truck for the US 2019 Kia K900: The best luxury sedan you’ve never heard of 2020 Kia Soul EV first drive: More style, more range, more fun ‘Imagine by Kia’ concept: part design study, part parody Imagine by Kia Concept brings 21 screens to the Geneva Motor Show The exterior color comes off as a sort of bronze, and there’s a lot of depth to the hue. Kia says six layers of chrome-effect silver paint were applied to the car’s body, and then covered in a bronze tint.A single piece of glass serves as the windshield and the roof, and tapers into a double-bubble design over the rear of the car. The more you look at the car, the more its elegant surfacing becomes apparent. But because of its 22-inch wheels, wrapped in Goodyear 255/35-series “Intelligrip EV Concept” tires, and large car proportions, it’s hard to tell if this car is really worthy of being called “pretty.” Seeing it in person will surely help.Enlarge ImageKia says the Imagine is about the size of a C-segment sedan, but uses SUV styling cues. Kia Open the coach doors and move inside, and you’re greeted by 21 individual ultra high-resolution screens. The displays curve their way across the dashboard for a look that’s “both casual and coordinated,” according to Kia. This super techy display is actually Kia poking fun at modern cars’ ever-growing infotainment displays.”These 21 incredibly thin screens are a humorous and irreverent riposte to the ongoing competition between some automotive manufacturers to see who can produce the car with the biggest screen,” Kia Europe’s head of interior design, Ralph Kluge, said in a statement.Imagine by Kia ConceptEnlarge ImageYo dawg, we heard you like screens… Kia When viewed from the driver’s seat, the 21 screens appear to form one single display. A robust infotainment system is said to be housed within, with “birds-eye navigation,” as well as the usual roster of media and connected functionality.The slim seating surfaces are covered in leather and silk, and the floating center console sits above the low, flat load floor. Two cargo compartments are found up front (a frunk) and around back, and the Imagine Concept uses a hatchback design, for easier access to your belongings.Given the lack of tangible data, it’s hard to, uh, Imagine this car is destined for production in some form or another. But we like what we see in terms of lighting and infotainment design, as well as body surfacing. Kia’s concept car may be short on details, but there’s certainly a lot to talk about.Imagine by Kia ConceptEnlarge ImageThe hatchback design is said to visually link this concept to the Kia Stinger. Kia More From Roadshow Post a comment 2020 Kia Telluride review: Kia’s new SUV has big style and bigger value Mar 7 • The Ferrari F8 Tributo is the last of the nonhybrid V8s •last_img read more


first_img More information: www.festo.com/cms/en_corp/11369.htmvia IEEE Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — The great thing about robots is that they come in all shapes and sizes. Of course, that is also one of the creepiest things about robots too. You never know what is going to be a robot these days. There are people shaped robots, there are robots that are designed to explore the depths of space. That bird that you see on the building. It could be a robot too. Citation: It’s a bird, it’s a plane, it’s a robot bird (w/ video) (2011, March 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-03-bird-plane-robot-video.html The robot bird, who has been given the to-the-point name of SmartBird, was shown off by robotics company Festo. Festo is a robotics company that seems to enjoy making bots that are shaped like animals. They have previously created both a robotic elephants trunk that is sensitive enough to grab items, and a set of robot penguins that have learned to avoid each other. Who knows, maybe this remote controlled gull will be the spy bot of the future. One, slightly more pragmatic goal may be to co-opt the wing technology to create what are known as ‘stroke wing generators’, which can use this same motion in order to generate power from water. So, this little bird may actually be green.center_img © 2010 PhysOrg.com The SmartBird design is based on a real life bird, a herring gull, who is able to take off, with the help of an on board motor. Then the wings begin to flap. Once they get beating at the right speed, the wings begin to imitate the way that real birds fly. The front edge of the wing twists, and generates thrust, and the tail acts the same way that a rudder would, steering the bird in different directions. Toyota’s musical robots (w/ Video) This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more