first_imgThe House of Representatives has summoned the management of Lonestar Cell MTN over what they called ‘deceit’ for cutting off the three-day free promotion after being the only company that supported the proposed tax increment and pledged to bear the responsibility without passing the cost on to consumers. Last month, the Legislature approved the increase the excise rate on alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, and also the one cent per minute on all calls, pursuant to the amendment of Section 16 to grant Special Investment Incentives to certain businesses; as well as a revision on Section 904 on the Advance Payment or Turnover Tax. The increment took effect January 1.Members of the House of Representatives yesterday during the 3rd day sitting, mandated the Chief Clerk to invite Lonestar Cell MTN on Thursday, January 19, 2017, to answer why they have deceived the Liberian people in halting the three day promotion. The House also summoned the Board of Commissioners of the Liberia Telecommunication Authority (LTA) and the Ministry of Finance, on the total tax intake of the one cent per minute on all calls and other related issues in the telecommunication sector. It may be recalled that in a public hearing conducted last year by the Joint Committee of the Ways, Means, Finance and Development Planning of the Liberian Senate and the House of Representatives in the Joint Chambers of the Legislature, a number of influential business entities including Cellcom GSM, theLiberia Coca-Cola Bottling Company, the Monrovia Breweries, as well as the Tobacco Associations of West Africa rejected President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s proposal to the Legislature to increase excise tax on tobacco, phone calls, and alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. The business entities said the tax increment would not only affect production and sales, but would also encourage redundancy, unemployment and poverty.Lonestar Cell MTN was the only company that supported the proposed tax increment and promised to bear the responsibility without passing the cost on to consumers. The public hearing at that time aimed to review the Special Amendment to the Revenue Code of 2011, which calls for the imposition of one cent (US$0.01) per minute on phone calls, and the other five amendments.It may be also be recalled that President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf wrote the Legislature in 2016, arguing that the increment will provide incentives for additional investments in the economy and the direct revenue implication of US$30.1 million to support the FY16/17 National Budget. “Mr. Speaker, in my message transmitting the FY16/17 Proposed Budget, I mentioned to you that certain assumptions in the resource envelop have been placed under ‘Contingent Revenue’ because some legislative actions will be required in order to realize those revenues,” the President wrote. According to reports, Cellcom GSM is the only company among the three GSM to still uphold the three days free calls.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more


first_imgMoses Blonkanjay Jackson (MsEd, EdM) By Moses Blonkanjay Jackson (MsEd, EdM)Thinking ThoughtsIn my thinking thoughts, I considered recent confusion generated by claims and counter claims regarding Liberians who are holders of American passports. Overtime, it has been alleged that these citizens of the United States of America, instead of fronting for political positions in their country, have surged on Liberia and qualified by the National Elections Commission (NEC) to vie for presidential and legislative seats. While focus is on American passports, there is another group who are “green card” holders in possession of US and Liberian voting cards; they are either in government, or in the race. Suffice these claims to be true, it can be safely declared that these people have “Dry Face”; they are shameless, and brave enough to infiltrate the leaky NEC elections system and bamboozle our sovereign nation.Dry Face Makes Pig FatIn Liberian parlance, “dry face” means for one to put all shame face aside, be brave, and try his luck to achieve something knowing it could be wrong or impossible, with equally slim assurances of success and failure. If you play dry face and fail, fine; if you succeed, you enjoy and live well. We have a cliché in Liberia which says, “Dry face makes pig fat.”You see, pigs can eat anything that other human beings and animals would not readily consume because they have shame face or are selective. For pigs, they will not even taste see if it is good or bad, whether nasty or juicy; their mouths make the determination, and they chop with unbelievable zeal. Some of the things we say are bad or nasty that we cannot eat, before your very eyes, pigs can wrap (eat them); so we say ‘dry face makes pig fat’ because he eats anything at anytime in the presence of anybody, just to survive. Some human beings, like pigs, have also applied “dry face” to survive in their lives.Back in the days when boys were boys, some of our friends had God Mas. These were older ladies who were either widows or wives who chose to cheat on their husbands using more potent and stronger young boys. Those of our friends who had God Mas usually mocked us saying we were suffering because we did not have “Dry Face” to approach older ladies who were our mothers’ ages.You see, the God Ma would be your girlfriend and would take care of your financial and subsistence issues including your school fees, clothing and food. When the husband was around, you would keep low profile, but when he was away, you “played dry face” and took over your God Ma who was your mother’s age, as if you were her equal. “Pekin, that old ma correct” you would boast to others. Because those friends ate on time and were satisfied, they look more prosperous and healthier than us with our boney faces and flat stomachs almost hitching to our spinal cords from hunger. When we attempted to mock them for being shameless and brave to venture into a love relationship with women of their mothers’ ages, they simply replied, “My man, dry face makes pig fat.”It is this same “dry face” that people who know very well they are American citizens and are foreigners may be venturing into our elections even at the point of wanting to be “President.” Lord have mercy!!American Passport Dry Face IssuesThe issue of people holding American passports and vying to govern Liberia is a grave issue that is usually watered down. You see in Liberia, there is a something called the “two-week morale” whereby we make noise over an issue for two weeks and later forget about it.Few days ago, a group in support of Unity Party (UP) standard bearer Hon. Boakai announced to the whole world that Senator George Oppong Weah is a US citizen and in possession of an American passport. After a rebuttal from a Coalition for Democratic Change (CDC) stalwart, much has not been heard about that allegation and sooner or later it would be watered down and forgotten. If it is true that Oppong indeed holds an American passport and wins anyway, our country would be ruled by a foreigner and that would be serious “Dry Face” victory declared on October 11 or thereabout.Before the Oppong issue, another group claimed the standard bearer of the Alternative National Congress (ANC), Alex Cummings, is a US citizen having lived and worked so long in the USA. No court action was taken but overtime Cummings was certified by the NEC and confirmed by the Supreme Court as eligible to be President of the Republic of Liberia. If Cummings wins, and if he is actually an American passport holder, a foreigner would be inaugurated as “Dry Face” President in January 2018.Few months ago, it was reported that the chairman of the National Elections Commission, (NEC) Jerome Korkoya, is an American citizen. After two weeks, the case died as usual and we do not hear anything about it again. If per se it is true that Korkoya holds a US passport, it would mean that our elections are being managed by a foreigner. That kind of “Dry Face” would be an opportunistic audacity that Hon. Korkoya would be applying. Don’t we have qualified and trustworthy Liberians to manage our own elections affairs and have to bring in a foreigner? This is opportunistic “Dry Face.”In the last elections of 2011, a candidate who was contesting with Hon. Edith Gongloe-Weh for a Nimba County seat was said to be in possession of an American passport. Surprisingly, the gentleman won Edith while it was surprisingly disclosed that Edith herself was “half citizen” or was in possession of a “Green Card” and was a Permanent Resident of the United States of America fronting to sit as a lawmaker in Liberia, West Africa…You legally living in America but you fighting to rule people in Liberia. Ayyy yah “Dry Face.”Edwin Snowe Domicile Dry FaceFor the sake of the layman, a “Green Card” is like an ID card that the United States government awards applicants who have legal statuses. For example if you won the DV, you were automatically qualified as a permanent resident of the United States; some people who have other forms of legal immigrant statuses are issued green cards. Your address in this doggone underdeveloped Liberia is not permanent anymore because you have now become a legal “Permanent Resident” of the United States of America with all benefits appertaining. After holding the Green Card for six years, you can apply for citizenship and receive it on a silver platter.However, if you left your residence in your well developed America, and came to this underdeveloped Liberia to front for positions and took a job to take care of your issues in the America where you are legally domiciled, “you really get dry face” like Edwin Snowe who will soon take over a Bomi County seat while he is still “domiciled” in Montserrado county and representing a Montserrado District, based on the “Domicile” clause. You will agree, green card holders are no different from the dry face that Edwin Snowe is playing on the people of Bomi County, and no different from the people who are US citizens but playing real day light dry face and want to be President. That kind of dry face I would brand “Edwin Snowe domicile Dry Face.”Leaky NEC Elections TerrainFor the sake of being civil, I am hesitant to say the National Elections Commission (NEC) is weak; I would rather say it is leaky, for it has its own strengths. Do you remember how it denied poor Abu Kamara and approved other people for the same reason and nobody did anything? Karnwea went to court and had lawyers but I did not see Cummings and Mills Jones who also had “desires” in court. So the NEC has its own muscles it can flex.But I can say without equivocation that the NEC is a leaky system where cunning politicians have applied their chicaneries and shenanigans to escape the standards set, avoid the regulations and have their names and photos on ballot papers. NEC does not appear to be doing due diligence and depending on whistleblowers to do its work. That is why we would inaugurate an American President on January 6, 2018. May God help our dear Liberia.Just a day ago, the NEC was fined US$500 by the Supreme Court for being in error. Imagine the extent to which that US$500 error has damaged somebody else’s whole future. Imagine the damage that would be caused by other errors that are going unnoticed and would be awarding imposters, inept and ineligible people high positions to the disadvantage of those who are truly deserving. NEC is a leaky system because some people with green cards and US passports are said to be in possession of voting cards, or maybe the law does not bar “half citizens.” The NEC is leaky because it could not even successfully complete the voters’ verification and left many people’s fate in limbo. NEC is so leaky that it is unable to do due diligence before certificating candidates. Initially its registrars could not even spell “Daniel” and placed “e” before the “I” in Daniel. In spite of its leakage, the NEC also played dry face and has printed ballots and declared everything on course, and Liberians will vote on October 10, 2017. The dry face that the alleged US citizen Korkoya is playing is really an “opportunistic dry face.” You the readers may define this yourselves.Audaciously Bamboozled LiberiaIf per se all of the instances of people holding US passports and being passed by the NEC are true, I am sorry to say this nation, this small West African nation which used to be the bastion and mainstay of peace and tranquility, has been “bamboozled.”To be audacious is to be brave, with dry face, may I add, and to bamboozle means to deceive, to con, to dupe, or to swindle. If Korkoya is a US citizen and is sitting over our elections with dry face, then he has swindled our resources and opportunities; if Oppong and Cummings are holders of American passports, and playing dry face and running neck and neck with Brumskine and Urey who are Liberian citizens (we do not know for sure though, if they too have US passports), then they have conned Liberia. If any of the political aspirants for legislative seats possess green cards but fighting to overtake bona fide Liberians in the race, they are “Edwin Snowe Domicile Bamboozler-crooks.” If any of them win, we would have swindlers, deceptive and a con president with legislators who are bamboozlers.You see, when people with American Passports and Green Cards, who are foreigners and half foreigners, deceive the NEC and infiltrate our elections system, and are competing with the genuine bona fide citizens, one can only say they are audacious, brave and have real dry face to try to leave their country and come here to bamboozle our own-Liberia. Well, such could be the time, such could be the situation and such could be our fate. I submit.BenedictionCompatriots, as we approach October 10, let me haste to urge you to go about your normal businesses and use their conscience to vote. Advocacy on behalf of a leaky NEC to expose the deficiencies, vices and disregard of the elections rules and regulations have all failed. What politicians should do now, instead of mudsling is to focus on the strategies and commitment of their voters. Sometimes numbers and crowds change when they enter the voting booths. Remember Robert Sirleaf and Varney Sherman.Now, after all said and done, may the Lord bless all “Dry Face” American passport holders who because of our leaky elections system may have infiltrated; may God bless the alleged US citizen Jerome Krokoya; may the Lord make His face to also shine upon all malicious domicile Edwin Snowe green card dry face people; and may they never ever be caught until they arrive at the gate of heaven where Angel Michael will be standing with a red hot iron tooth brush, and some questions, in Jesus’ precious name. Let all American passport and green card holders in the race say: AAAAA-men!!!!I am simply thinking thoughts.About the authorThe Rivercess man, Mwalimu-Mku Moses Blonkanjay Jackson is a triple Ivy League product trained at Harvard, Yale, UPENN and St. Joseph’s U in Education, Mathematics and Physics. Mwalimu-Mku Jackson diligently served the Government of Liberia for four years as World Bank Project Consultant, and Assistant Minister for Teacher Education and returned to private practice as Social Advocate, Researcher, Education Expert, and Consultant. The Rivercess man can be contacted at +231 886 681 315/+231 770 206 645Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) – Advertisement –last_img read more


first_imgBy Chris F. PewuLess than a week after the 2017 presidential and legislative elections, mysterious death has been reported in Kakata, Margibi County. According to eyewitnesses, the body was discovered on Monday, October 16 in the Doe Palace Community of Kakata.Local media reports say the decomposed body, believed to be missing some key body parts, is beyond facial recognition. The body is said to be that of a male wearing blue denim jeans.The body was discovered and reported by an unknown female, who was out searching for ‘country medicine’ in an unfinished building in Doe Palace Community.Surprisingly, Doe Palace residents interviewed for this story said they did not smell any foul odor from the direction of the abandoned building where the body was discovered.Going back into history, from way back before it was officially founded, Kakata has been known for ritualistic killings, some residents disclosed.It may be recalled that a body was recently discovered in the Sugar Hill Community in Kakata.  The two reported deaths have caused fear in hearts of Kakata residents. Parents are so afraid that some are unwilling to even send their children to school for fear they could meet such a fate.“We are very worried that government officials have not been able to tell us anything as to who is behind these killings. We are scared of these killings,” said a Doe Palace community resident who refused to be named.Recognized as a city in the county of Margibi on December 15, 1985, Kakata, home to Booker Washington Institute (BWI), Liberia’s premier vocational high school and technical institution, and Kakata Rural Teacher Training Institute (KRTTI), has a population of 34, 000 according to the 2008 census.The issue of unresolved murders remains a major problem in Liberia. During the just ended elections,  several corpses were found in Montserrado, Bong and Grand Kru counties, with some pointing to ritualistic killings as the cause of these deaths. Recently, the body of a young girl from the 72nd Barracks Community, who was out selling sweets, was discovered in a suitcase in the Red Light poultry market in the heart of Paynesville City.Meanwhile, the Kakata detachment of the Liberia National Police (LNP) is said to be investigating the case of the decomposed body discovered yesterday in the Doe Palace Community. The LNP said it cannot comment on the matter at present.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more


first_img1 Anthony Martial Barcelona are interested in Tottenham target Anthony Martial.The Monaco winger impressed as his side exited the Champions League on Tuesday and is expected to move on.That has led to links with the Premier League giants, but Cadena Ser claim Barcelona are weighing up a big money move for the 19-year-old, who is rated as one of the most talented youngsters in Europe.That would most likely blow the Premier League duo out of the water and they would have to move quickly if they were to sign Martial before the transfer window slams shut.last_img


first_imgRamelton soccer star Barry McNamee is still reeling after making his debut for the Ireland Under 21 squad against Denmark last weekend.Barry McNameeIt has been a rollercoaster ride for the Donegal man who won an FAI Cup medal with Derry City and is currently being chased by a bunch of cross-channel clubs.Ireland open their 2015 UEFA Championship qualifying campaign on August 14 and McNamee is firmly in manager Noel King’s thoughts for that trip to Faroe Islands. King sent the 21-year-old Derry ace on at half-time in Fredericia and five minutes later had to switch him to left-back after Seán McGinty’s red card.Ten-man Ireland held out resolutely for a scoreless draw.McNamee told the Irish Sun: “My main aim on my first cap was to impress and stay in the squad for the qualifier.“I would have preferred to play in midfield but didn’t mind being shifted to left-back. Plenty of times this season I’ve had to do that for Derry City and I thought I did reasonably well for Ireland there.” It was only late in his teens that the playmaker from Ramelton in Co Donegal came to the attention of FAI scouts.Indeed, when a McNamee was called up to the FAI Emerging Talent Centre in Letterkenny, it was his younger brother Tony.Barry admitted: “It’s taken a long time for my Ireland debut but I’m delighted to realise the ambition now.“I’m not one to get nervous before games. I dealt fine at Lansdowne Road last November — and it was same in Denmark.”It proved to a hectic weekend for McNamee as he played his second match in the space of 24 hours back in Ireland. Candystripes boss Declan Devine gave the Airtricity League Player of the Month for April a full 90 minutes in Saturday afternoon’s FAI Cup second-round tie away to Cork-based junior side Blarney United.McNamee explained: “We got back from Denmark to Dublin Airport at 11am on Saturday morning where a car collected me to bring me to Blarney.“It was a busy couple of days but I’m happy to play for club and country.”MCNAMEE ON A HIGH AFTER MAKING IRELAND UNDER 21 DEBUT was last modified: June 4th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Barry McNameederry cityIrelandRameltonlast_img read more


first_imgSinn Féin spokesperson on Justice, Pádraig Mac Lochlainn TD has today appealed for calm and for mediation in the on-going and escalating dispute between Minister Alan Shatter and the judiciary.“The on-going dispute over recent days is unprecedented, worrying and reflects badly on Ireland internationally.“I am appealing for calm and urgently calling for lines of communications to be established quickly and clearly.” “A number of the grievances raised by the judges are legitimate and should be listened to. I am calling for an independent mediator to be appointed to examine these grievances.”“It appears to me that a number of the issues raised are easily resolved if the will is there. For example on the issue of consultation over new legislation judges have the right, like any other citizen, to make submissions upon the publication of heads of bill by government. However their opinions and recommendations should be considered in the same light as those from any other citizen. No citizen has the right to have their submission elevated above those of anyone else.“The independent appointment of judges has also been raised in recent days. Separation of powers between the judiciary and the executive must be upheld. Earlier this year I introduced legislation which seeks to end the system of political appointees, increasing transparency and accountability in judicial appointments.” ENDSMacLOCHLAINN CALLS FOR MEDIATION IN ROW BETWEEN SHATTER AND JUDICIARY was last modified: April 16th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:MacLOCHLAINN CALLS FOR MEDIATION IN ROW BETWEEN SHATTER AND JUDICIARYlast_img read more


first_imgWell-known county councillor Jimmy Kavanagh is laughing all the way to the bank after quitting smoking.The Letterkenny public representative was a heavy smoker admitting that he puffed his way through 60 cigarettes a day.Jimmy, an IT worker at Letterkenny University Hospital, gave up the dreaded weed 10 years ago on October 6th. He recently became curious as to how much money he saved in today’s prices after quitting his habit so he sat down and worked it out.And even Jimmy was shocked to discover he has saved an incredible €114,975!Of course, he doesn’t know where all the money has gone which he saved.Always one for a bit of wry humour, he wrote “Quit smoking on the 6th October 2006, 10 years ago today, one of my better decisions. “In today’s prices that is a saving of approx. €114,975 on my 60 a day habit. I wonder where that money went? It doesn’t grow on trees, you know.”If you would like to quit smoking like Jimmy you can contact the HSE smoking cessation service on 1800 201 203 or log on to www.quit.ieUp in smoke – Cllr Jimmy saves €114,000 after quitting cigs! was last modified: October 9th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more


first_imgDaniel O’Donnell has received a nomination to the Scandinavian Hall of Fame for the Humanitarian award.The award comes in recognition of his work for the Romanian challenge appeal and other efforts that have contributed to the betterment of humanity.O’Donnell joins a list of good company with previous nominees like Chet Atkins, Olav Thon and The North Dakota Governor Doug Burgum to name a few. O’Donnell has been playing Minot festival in North Dakota for many years, with O’Donnell saying on his Facebook page that, “It is indeed a wonderful honour to have received this nomination.”Daniel will be honoured with his Humanitarian Award at a special Banquet on 25th September, hosted by North Dakota Governor Doug Burgum.He will then perform at the Norsk Høstfest festival on September 26.Daniel O’Donnell receives humanitarian award was last modified: June 29th, 2018 by Chris CannonShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:awarddaniel o’donnellHall of Famelast_img read more


first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The fifth and final session of the Convention was packed with highlights. The packed house heard from the band and chorus, talented soloists and State President Mary Bueller her impressive retiring address.  The new officer team was announced and more than 900 FFA members were aware their State FFA Degree. Mary Buehler’s sibling introduced her prior to her retiring address. Mary Buehler talked about the inner “like” button. Mary Buehler It was emotional time for the retiring state officers. Throughout convention Mary Buehler had FFA members hand out these cards, starting with just a few, but eventually they reached most of the crowd in attendance. Macey Butchko from Firelands wowed the crowd with her vocal performance. Danielle Hannan from Liberty Union sang for the crowd. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees. More than 900 Ohio FFA members got their State Degrees.last_img read more


first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Dusty Sonnenberg, Ohio Field LeaderIt is no secret that 2019 will go down in the history books as one of the most challenging years for production agriculture in much of the country. Flooding and frequent rain events delayed and, in many cases, prevented planting on millions of acres across the Corn Belt.“I’ve never seen anything like it, this is a year for the record books,” said Joe Nester, a certified crop advisor from Williams County who has worked in agriculture for over 42 years and as an independent consultant at Nester Ag for the past 28 years. “We went into the season already wet, and then had rain every other day. Even the crops that were planted are not going to yield near what farmers typically expect.”He estimates that of the acres they work on through Nester Ag, at least 65% were not planted. Statewide in Ohio there were 1,485,919 prevented planting acres in 2019, with the bulk of those in the northwestern part of the state, according to the USDA’s Farm Service Agency.“Typically, we see this happen in pockets, but never this widespread,” Nester said. “This was the first spring we had three separate weeks we couldn’t even find a place to soil sample because it was just too wet. I probably have more questions this year than I have answers.”Soil quality and soil health are extremely important to Nester’s brand of conservation-focused farming, and he stresses it with all his clients. Regular soil sampling is a foundation to the work he does. Nester works with farmers to develop a plan based on the results of their individual soil test results. This year was so challenging that he even sampled some fields twice.“We sampled the fields the first of May, and then had all the rain and flooding. We knew this was not good for the soil, but wondered if we could quantify any change, so we re-sampled the same locations the first of July,” he said. “In those 60 days we found that the calcium numbers declined 10% and the potash numbers dropped 11%. You have to know where your phosphorus and potassium levels are going forward — it’s a must.”Nester’s theory is that the fields were saturated for so long that itweakened the negative charge in the soil, and the calcium and potassium leached out of the top four inches of the soil, and into the subsoil. As they pulled the soil samples, they found that the hard clay had turned into chunks like a road bed. Nester thinks that when the calcium leached out, it left the topsoil with a higher magnesium-calcium ratio which enabled increased soil compaction.“Aggregate stability, and implementing practices that promote aggregate stability in clay-based soils is so important,” he said. “This year we lost ground.”Soil health has also been negatively impacted.“The saturated soils’ lack of oxygen killed-off a lot of the microbial life,” Nester said. “And with the heat we experienced in July on the bare soil, we literally baked the crust and microbes.”Nester took a temperature reading on one of those 100-degree days and found that the soil surface temperature was actually 130 degrees Fahrenheit. In the absence of a crop to canopy and shade the soil, the temperatures rose higher than normal, which was detrimental to the soil life. Without a cover crop’s root growth, improved soil microbial health and ability to hopefully pull some of the calcium and potassium back up into the topsoil this year, Nester thinks 2020 will be a “recovery crop year.”“Farmers need to try to establish a cover crop which will cover the soil to provide shade to keep it cooler, and also grow the roots to break-up the soil compaction,” he said. “This season the microbial population took a severe hit. Where your microbial life goes depends on where you started. Microbial life can come back relatively quickly if you have some to start with. Even planting treated soybeans can be used as a cover crop and will help.”Different seeding techniques may be needed based on the soil conditions.“Some farmers may need to use vertical tillage to fracture the soil ahead of attempting to plant a cover crop. Others may be able to broadcast the seed and then incorporate it with light tillage,” Nester said. “Others in tough situations may need to use a no-till drill. Timely planting of cover crops is a key in successful establishment. Farmers should have time this fall on the prevent plant acres. If crops did get planted late, though, the opportunity for cover crop may be slim.”Weeds also become more of a challenge without cover crops. The main concern at this point for farmers is to make sure the weeds do not go to seed. The use of 2,4-D is a good option he said, but farmers need to be aware of the replant restrictions if they intend to plant cover crops soon.“Weeds do not make a good cover crop. They do not promote good soil quality,” Nester said.Mark Loux, Ohio State University Extension State Weed Specialist, in a presentation made to the North Central Soybean Research Program, said the top priority for farmers now is preventing weed seed production.“Spraying, tillage, or chopping all are options for preventing seed production,” Loux said.Beyond this fall, prevented planting acres from 2019 will require careful consideration. Many variables in the fields have changed in the past few months. Soil tests need to be done or possibly re-done, and plans may need to be modified. Nester is also concerned regular soil testing will fall behind since there was very little opportunity to sample last fall and this spring due to the weather, and with the late planted crops, there my not be much opportunity in the coming fall after a late harvest.“If you had a cropping plan in place for 2019, you can’t just hit the pause button now and then resume next spring,” Nester said. “Soil test results may actually have changed more as a result of all the water than they would have from growing a crop this year.”With reliable soil test results serving as the basis, implementing variable rate technology with the use of management zones can save money, place the nutrients where they are most needed and can be used most efficiently with minimal risk of loss. Nester uses strip-tillage combined with variable rate technology as an example. Utilizing a prescription from the soil test results, the variable rate application will make sure that the correct amounts of nutrients are applied in the right zones, and the strip-tillage will put it in a place where it is less likely to leave the root zone and more likely to be used by the plants. This can be especially economically advantageous for phosphorus and potassium.“This year after all the rain, potassium levels may also be in the tank,” Nester said. “Studying those soil test results, and looking at any drop in the potassium level is also important. This also can be addressed with the variable rate application combined with strip-tillage.”Nester also recommends that farmers try to stick to their crop rotation as much as possible.“Most rotations have been altered based on what was fit, or wasn’t fit to plant and the date on the calendar this spring,” he said. “Try to get your rotations back in order.”When it comes to getting the soils back in shape, Nester suggests considering variety of practices.“As farmers attempt to help their soils recover, there is no silver bullet,” he said. “Practicing basic agronomic fundamentals is going to be the key.”This has definitely been a year for the record books. In 42 years, Nester has never seen a year like this one, and hopefully won’t see one challenge that record anytime soon.Ohio Field Leader is a project of the Ohio Soybean Council. For more, visit ohiofieldleader.com.There can be a number of challenges with soil biology and structure from long periods of excessive moisture.last_img read more