first_imgNews See the World Press Freedom Index and the 3-dimensional map “freedom of the press worldwide”The 2014 Reporters Without Borders World Press Freedom Index spotlights major declines in media freedom in such varied countries as the United States, Central African Republic and Guatemala and, on the other hand, marked improvements in Ecuador, Bolivia and South Africa. The same trio of Finland, Netherlands and Norway heads the index again, while Turkmenistan, North Korea and Eritrea continue to be the biggest information black holes, again occupying the last three positions.“The World Press Freedom Index is a reference tool that is based on seven criteria: the level of abuses, the extent of pluralism, media independence, the environment and self-censorship, the legislative framework, transparency and infrastructure,” said Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire.“It makes governments face their responsibilities by providing civil society with an objective measure, and provides international bodies with a good governance indicator to guide their decisions.”Reporters Without Borders head of research Lucie Morillon said: “This year, the ranking of some countries, including democracies, has been impacted by an overly broad and abusive interpretation of the concept of national security protection. “The index also reflects the negative impact of armed conflicts on freedom of information and its actors. The world’s most dangerous country for journalists, Syria, is ranked 177th out of 180 countries.”The index’s annual global indicator, which measures the overall level of violations of freedom of information in 180 countries year by year, has risen slightly. The indicator has gone from 3395 to 3456 points, a 1.8% rise. The level of violations is unchanged in the Asia-Pacific region, but has increased in Africa.The index is available in print for the first time. An enhanced version is being published (in French) by the French publishing house Flammarion in its Librio collection. The index, together with regional and thematic analyses, continues to be available in English, French and other languages on the Reporters Without Borders website (rsf.org). Reporters Without Borders has also introduced a three-dimensional visualization of the performances of the 180 ranked countries.This year’s index covers 180 countries, one more than the 179 countries covered in last year’s index. The newcomer is Belize, which has been ranked in the enviable position of 29th.See the 2014 World Press Freedom Index on rsf.orgArmed conflicts, political instability and national securityThe 2014 index emphasizes the negative correlation between armed conflicts and freedom of information. In an unstable environment, the media become strategic goals or targets for groups or individuals trying to control news and information in violation of the guarantees enshrined in international conventions.Syria (177th) is rubbing shoulders with the last three countries in the index. Around 130 professional and citizen-journalists were killed in connection with the provision of news and information from March 2011 to December 2013. They are being targeted by both the Assad government and extremist rebel militias. The Syrian crisis has also had dramatic repercussions throughout the region.In Africa, Mali continued its fall and is now ranked 122nd. Progress in the conflict in north of the country has stalled, preventing any real revival in media activity. Central African Republic (109th) has followed suit, falling 43 places. In Egypt (159th), President Morsi’s ouster by the army led by Al-Sisi freed those media that the Muslim Brotherhood had gagged ever since coming to power, but it marked the start of a witchhunt against journalists suspected of supporting the Brotherhood.Far from these conflicts, in countries where the rule of law prevails, security arguments are misused as grounds for restricting freedom of information. Invoked too readily, the protection of national security is encroaching on hard-won democratic rights.In the United States (46th, -13), the hunt for leaks and whistleblowers serves as a warning to those thinking of satisfying a public interest need for information about the imperial prerogatives assumed by the world’s leading power. The United Kingdom (33rd, -3) has followed in the US wake, distinguishing itself by its harassment of The Guardian.There are many examples of governments abusing the “fight against terrorism.” In Turkey (154th), dozens of journalists have been detained on this pretext, above all those who cover the Kurdish issue. In Israel (96th), which regained some of the places it lost in the previous index because of Operation Pillar of Defence’s impact on freedom of information, the territorial integrity imperative often suppresses freedom of information about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Organisation In Sri Lanka (165th, – 2), the army shapes the news by suppressing accounts that stray too far from the official vision of “pacification” in the former Tamil separatist strongholds.A few noteworthy developmentsCentral Africa Republic, currently the site of a violent conflict, suffered the biggest fall, losing 43 places after a year marked by extreme violence and repeated attacks and threats against journalists.Aside from the 13-place fall by the United States (46th, -13), Guatemala’s dizzying plunge (125th, -29) was due to a sharp decline in the safety of journalists, with four murders and twice as many attacks as the previous year.In Kenya (90th, -18), the government’s much criticized authoritarian response to the media’s coverage of the Westgate Mall attack was compounded by dangerous parliamentary initiatives. Chad (139th) fell 17 places after distinguishing itself by abusive arrests and prosecutions in 2013.Suffering from the effects of the economic crisis and a surge in populism, Greece (99th) fell 14 places.Violence against journalists, direct censorship and misuse of judicial proceedings fell in Panama (87th, +25), Dominican Republic (68th, +13), Bolivia (94th, +16) and Ecuador (94th, +25), although in Ecuador the level of media polarization is still high and often detrimental to public debate.The past year was marked by laudable legislative developments in some countries such as South Africa (42nd, +11), where the president refused to sign a law that would have threatened media freedom.Contrasting with South Africa’s improvement, other countries regarded as regional models registered no progress or even significant declines.Read more on rsf.org RSF_en February 12, 2014 – Updated on January 25, 2016 Reporters Without Borders releases 2014 Press Freedom Index Help by sharing this informationlast_img read more


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first_imgJose Mourinho is backLondon, United Kingdom | AFP | A brief history of the career of Jose Mourinho, 56, who was named as Tottenham Hotspur manager on Wednesday:– The translator –After an undistinguished playing career in Portugal and a spell as a PE teacher, Mourinho worked as an interpreter for former England manager Bobby Robson at Portugal’s Sporting CP and then Porto, where they enjoyed huge success before moving to Barcelona in 1996. Robson lasted only one season at the helm of the Spanish giants but Mourinho remained as assistant to Dutchman Louis van Gaal, before securing the manager’s role at Benfica in 2000.– The European Cup-winner –Short spells at Benfica and Leiria were followed by a move to Porto in early 2002, where he won the UEFA Cup, Portuguese league and Portuguese cup in his first full season, with future stars such as Deco, Ricardo Carvalho and Vitor Baia. An even greater success was to come the following year when Porto were the shock winners of European club football’s biggest prize, the UEFA Champions League, beating Monaco 3-0 in the May 2004 final after eliminating Manchester United, Lyon and Deportivo La Coruna along the way.– The Special One –Chelsea, bankrolled by Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich, immediately came knocking and Mourinho was unveiled to great fanfare in June 2004, memorably describing himself as “The Special One” to assembled media. It was not an idle boast: Chelsea won the next two editions of the Premier League, and added one FA Cup and two League Cup titles in a successful first stint at the London club. Mourinho’s meticulous attention to detail, hitherto unknown in the English game, and attritional, pressing style cut a swathe through English football. But relations with Abramovich soured and Mourinho departed early in the 2007/08 season.– The Italian job –Mourinho joined Italy’s Inter Milan for 2008/09 where his legend grew with two Scudettos in his first two seasons plus his second Champions League title in May 2010, beating Bayern Munich 2-0 in the final. At the time Mourinho, who clinched the Italian treble that year, was only the fourth manager to win the European title with two different clubs. Share on: WhatsApp – The Real deal –Despite his success Mourinho immediately departed for Real Madrid, a dream move for a manager, but his return to Spain proved ill-fated. Real won the Spanish Cup in Mourinho’s first season in charge, but arch-rivals Barcelona beat them to the La Liga title and knocked them out in the Champions League semi-finals. The following year, Real won La Liga but again fell in the Champions League semi-finals. Mourinho’s tenure unravelled in the third season as he feuded with players including Cristiano Ronaldo, the media and officials, and poked Barcelona assistant coach Tito Vilanova in the eye during a mass brawl. He departed at the end of the 2013 season.– The second coming –After being snubbed by Manchester United, who chose David Moyes to replace the retiring Alex Ferguson, Mourinho rekindled his affair with Chelsea in 2013. Chelsea won the Premier League title and the League Cup for a domestic double in 2014/15, but with enthusiasm dwindling for Mourinho’s defence-minded football, passions cooled and he left in December 2015.– The Manchester hotel –Manchester United, struggling to find a viable replacement for Ferguson, turned to Mourinho in 2016 but the long-awaited match was not a happy one. Mourinho, lacking the charisma of earlier incarnations, and choosing to live full-time in a hotel, won the Europa League and League Cup in a promising first season. But as relations with the media deteriorated, and fans grew unhappy with United’s style of play, Mourinho was unceremoniously sacked in December 2018.last_img read more


first_imgAdvertisement 4xasNBA Finals | Brooklyn Vsn0smqWingsuit rodeo📽Sindre Egp( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) 3dsg83Would you ever consider trying this?😱j7fooCan your students do this? 🌚qt2Roller skating! Powered by Firework Jose Mourinho is known to all in the football World in the name of ‘Special One’. The tagline that Jose Mourinho earned in his managerial career has been used brilliantly by Paddy Power in this advertisement. The ad is certainly showing that the new concepts are coming in our way.Advertisement Paddy Power is a renowned website used for online betting in United Kingdom. In betting the lion is quite an important factor. The advertisement also consists of the fact that the betting depends hugely on luck. On the given day, how the luck is working for the participants, play a huge factor in the betting.Advertisement Jose Mourinho did not win a single trophy with Manchester United in his second season. However, the team played well in that particular season. So, we can say that the results are not always the judgemental criteria to assess.Jose Mourinho’s inclusion in the advertising has created a lot of buzz. The people are watching it in social media channels. In the near future we might see other sports personnels to be there in the advertisement. The advertisement of Paddy Power introducing Jose Mourinho in their campaign has been successful so far and the responses are mostly positive ones.Advertisement Advertisementlast_img read more


first_imgSome Residents Concerned About Possible Carcinogens By John Burton The issue concerning the borough’s Piping Rock Memorial Park is “its playability,” said Mayor John Ekdahl. “We’re wearing out the grass fields,” the mayor said of the park and officials are looking at ways to improve it. The mayor and Borough Council are considering a proposal from the borough Parks and Recreation Director Sarah Orsay, and committee, for the park and its accompanying Martello Field on East River Road to install a synthetic turf surface on a portion of the site. According to Orsay, the synthetic turf would be used to convert the baseball field and a portion of the small lacrosse/youth football practice field into a regulation-size, all-weather, multisport field. The field, if the plan moves for ward, would be able to accommodate many sports activities, including soccer, lacrosse, flag football, tackle football practice, field hockey and the use of school teams, Orsay said.The plan under consideration, Orsay noted, would also retain the park’s tennis courts and the existing playground would be relocated to the eastern end of the current lacrosse field and the park continuing to be home to the 9/11 memorial.“I think what’s critical to the project is to maintain the neighborhood park-like feel,” she said.This park, given its extensive use for the various sports activities, as well as the other town parks with natural grass covering, takes a beating, Ekdahl said.As it currently stands, Rumson-Fair Haven Regional High School allows the borough rec program to conduct some activities on the high school’s artificial turf field. “Having said that,” meaning the high school’s help, Ekdahl continued, “we’re still running out of space.”“We actually have to take one field a year out of play to entirely habilitate it,” Ekdahl said.“Between the high school, elementary school, recreation (program) and travel sports,” Orsay said, “the fields are in constant use.”In the fall the borough parks get 3,500 participants using them each week, Orsay explained. She said, if a child has two practices and one game in a week, that constitutes three “participants.”“The demand for the regulation field is far exceeding our ability to supply, and certainly our ability to meet the demand, as well as maintain the integrity and beauty of our parks,” Orsay offered.“We are getting some pushback,” however, from some residents over what is being considered, Ekdahl acknowledged. The objections, in part, are coming from some who live in the vicinity of the park. Others, Ekdahl said, have raised issue with the use of synthetic turf and possible health considerations. A recent, controversial study charged that some material used in the turf installed on sports fields and in playgrounds – coming from such items as recycled rubber vehicle tires – could be cancer-causing.
“As I told them” – meaning the residents – “we haven’t even gotten there yet,” as to what material or even if the council would move for ward with the plan, Ekdahl pointed out.The Monmouth County Open Space Grant program has awarded the borough $250,000 for the project; the borough is required to make a matching contribution; and officials are awaiting to hear on their second grant application, seeking an additional $135,000, which would also need the borough to match that amount. County officials should make that announcement in January 2016. Funding is contingent on the borough obtaining the necessary money for the project, Orsay said.Orsay said the entire project is estimated at $1.2 million.Should the borough win the second county grant, the council would likely move forward with having its engineer produce a feasibility study. Depending on what that study shows, officials would likely look at funding options, including private sources, to cover the borough’s costs, Ekdahl explained.Should the council move forward, “I think it’d be greatly enjoyed by the community,” Orsay maintained.last_img read more


first_imgNelson, which has not lost to the Rebels this season, boasts the KIJHL’s leading scorer after Jamie Vlanich rang up seven points in two games to shoot past Nick Josephs of Kelowna and into the lead.Vlanich, 20, has 30 goals and 51 assists for 81 points and a six-point lead over Josephs.Nelson is scheduled to be without the services of captain Darnel St. Pierre, serving his second game of a suspension for an accumulation of hit-to-the-head penalties.The game is important to the Leafs if the Green and White has any intentions of overtaking the Beaver Valley Nitehawks for the Murdoch Division title.The Hawks, leading the Leafs by a single point, have a game in hand on Nelson.The Rebels, on a four-game winless streak, are in danger of falling out of the playoffs as Castlegar now only leads Spokane by one point in division standings and seven ahead of Grand Forks.During the skid Castlegar has been out scored 21-5, and has been shutout twice.Castlegar has played three more games than Grand Forks. Which Nelson Leafs team will show up Wednesday when the club hosts a rare mid-week Kootenay International Junior Hockey League game.Will it be the team that totally rocked Murdoch rival Castlegar Rebels 9-zip last week?Or will it be the so-called heavyweights of the division that played like, well, lightweights in giving up four third period goals en route to losing 5-2 to Grand Forks?Nelson gets a chance to right the wrong of Saturday night against the Bruins when the Leafs host Castlegar at 7 p.m. in the NDCC Arena Wednesday.last_img read more


first_imgProgress must be made with gains, not losses.Evolutionary biologists like to attribute every change to evolution. Their task, however, is to explain the tremendous rise in complexity from the first replicator to a human brain. Destroying and removing things is not the way to get there.Implications of lemuriform extinctions for the Malagasy flora (PNAS). ” Using statistical models and morphometric analyses, we demonstrate that the extinction of large-bodied lemurs resulted in a significant reduction in functional morphological space associated with seed dispersal ability.”Eyeless cave shrimp senses light and can live frozen in ice (New Scientist). It’s pretty neat that a blind cave shrimp can sense some kinds of light and survive frozen in ice. Still, it’s not the first case of living frozen (just the first in a cave environment), and it is a sad situation to lose one’s eyes. Where is a case of an eyeless animal in a cave being introduced to the sunshine and evolving eyes?Amazing Blind Cavefish Walks Up Rocks and Waterfalls (Live Science). A blind fish in Thailand can struggle up walls of its cave using its fins. Live Science gets excited about how this “could reveal much to scientists about the earliest stages of tetrapod evolution,” but the fins are not legs yet after however long the species has lived in the cave. The eyes, though, have been completely lost.Research reveals trend in bird-shape evolution on islands (Science Daily). A study claims to support the evolution of flightlessness on islands.“I would be shocked if a hummingbird or tanager or fruit-dove ever lost the ability to fly entirely,” Wright said. “It’s central to how they make a living. But these birds are still reducing the size of their flight muscles when relief from predators allows them to do so.”The paper on PNAS celebrates the predictability of evolution on islands. “Islands with fewer predator species were associated with more dramatic shifts toward flightlessness, implicating reduced predation pressure as the most likely cause of this trend,” the summary states. “These predictable evolutionary changes likely exacerbate the vulnerability of flighted island birds to introduced predators and reduce the potential for small-island species to give rise to subsequent radiations.” Yet where are any ecosystems where predators were introduced, and ground birds evolved flight?Interstellar cloud could have wiped out the dinosaurs (New Scientist). The famous “iridium anomaly” that is supposed to be the smoking gun of the impact that supposedly killed off the dinosaurs may have come instead from Earth’s passage through a giant molecular cloud in the Milky Way, these scientists suggest. If so, it’s a double loss: loss for a popular theory, and loss for the dinosaurs.Planets stripped bare by host stars (BBC News). The theory of evolution is not purely about biological change. It’s an entire worldview package encompassing the entire cosmos, from big bang to galaxy evolution, to stellar evolution, to planetary evolution, to the origin of life and biological evolution. This article, based on a paper in Nature Communications (“Hot super-Earths stripped by their host stars”) doesn’t help super-Earths hoping to grow their own evolutionary trees.Co-author Dr Guy Davies, from the University of Birmingham, said: “For these planets it is like standing next to a hairdryer turned up to its hottest setting.“There has been much theoretical speculation that such planets might be stripped of their atmospheres. We now have the observational evidence to confirm this, which removes any lingering doubts over the theory.”You can’t win a race by running backwards.Observational science: degeneration, de-evolution, and extinction. Evolutionary hope: steady progress up the tree of life. Don’t ask the storytellers about evolution. Ask the blind cave fish. (Visited 40 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more


first_img4 April 2008Amsterdam-based brewer Heineken has announced that it will build its first local brewery, to the south of Johannesburg, in partnership with spirits company Diageo, mainly to produce and bottle its Heineken and Amstel brands of beer.The site chosen is in the Sedibeng district of Gauteng province, between the towns of Vereeniging and Alberton.“The location of the brewery was a difficult decision based on far more than just geology, geography and infrastructure,” Heineken regional president for Africa and Middle East Tom de Man said in a statement this week.“We are also very aware that southern Johannesburg is an area that will benefit enormously from new commercial investment, which will in turn assist and enable social and economic progress in the whole area.”The choice in location has also enabled the company to gain strong support from the government, various development agencies and the Department of Trade and Industry.It is anticipated that the brewery will initially create approximately 225 new, permanent jobs at all levels and a considerable number of new, service-related outsourcing opportunities.In addition, Heineken will provide technical training for South African personnel in South Africa and abroad.The new brewery will be 75% owned by Heineken and 25% by Diageo, who already have a joint venture business in South Africa to market and sell various alcoholic drinks, under the name of Brandhouse.The Sedibeng site covers an area of 80 hectares while the brewery itself will have an initial capacity of three million hectolitres, with the built-in flexibility to expand.According to Heineken, work is already under way on the site and construction is expected to be complete by the end of 2009. A local Heineken management team with significant experience in brewery construction in other markets will oversee the entire process.“Having built 17 breweries, including 4 in Africa in the last 15 years, we fully understand the great opportunities as well as the potential challenges along the way,” said the local brewery’s general manager, Johan Doyer. “We are absolutely confident that everything is in place to ensure the successful, on time delivery of the project.”The second site considered as a potential location for the brewery in the Ekurhuleni metropolitan municipality, to the northeast of Johannesburg, is still under consideration for other operations.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publicationor on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more


first_imgThe 2013 X-Blades National Youth Championships will also host the annual Trends of the Game workshop on Thursday, 12 September.  Presented by Australian Women’s Open coach, Peter Bell and Australian Mixed Open coach, Micheal Lovett, this interactive and practical workshop will allow National Youth Championship coaches to observe practical Talent and Elite skill demonstrations and drills. For more information please see attached flyer, and be sure to register your attendance via email to [email protected] by Friday, 6 September. Related Filestrends_of_the_game_-nyc_skills_workshop_flyer__2_-pdfRelated LinksTrends of the Gamelast_img


first_imgzoom Danish container shipping giant Maersk Line will gain “a significant position” in Latin America and Oceania following the recently closed acquisition of Hamburg Süd, Vincent Clerc, Chief Commercial Officer (CCO) at Maersk Line said in an interview with Bloomberg. According to Clerk, the company will now be able to reinforce its offering in these regions.Clerc pointed out that the real focus of the company is on the integration of Hamburg Süd because “it is fundamental for the viability of the deal.”Commenting on the takeover, he said: “It is quite a large acquisition, the largest that we have made. It will require a lot of energy to make it a success here in the coming months.” “That doesn’t mean that we don’t have an eye out to see if there are some good deals outside but that really isn’t the focus right now,” he added.Speaking of the market development and reflecting on 2017 which has seen the strongest growth in containerized trade in a decade, Maersk Line’s CCO said he expects this trend to continue in the coming years, on the back of higher oil price. In addition, industry consolidation on a global scale, the possibility to put in place networks generating economies of scale and deploying assets and capacities in a more effective way will also contribute to the market recovery in the future.However, despite positive market forecasts, Maersk Line’s intention is not to order new ships in the near future. With a combined fleet of more than 750 vessels, the company said there is enough capacity to cover the needs of its clients.Maersk Line completed the acquisition of Hamburg Süd on November 30, two days after it received the final regulatory approval from the Korea Fair Trade Commission. The company secured all 23 regulatory clearances, almost a year after it announced its acquisition plans.Subsequently, the company revealed its intention to reflag Hamburg Süd-owned vessels to Denmark and Singapore.World Maritime News Stafflast_img read more